Roger Casement visited the area in 1913. He had great respect for the Irish language but was appalled at the poverty of the local people, especially the schoolchildren. He promised to help, and sent flour and flannel [fabric] to Caladh Thaidhg, to support the local children.
Charles Lamb lived in An Bóthar Buí from 1933 until his death in 1964. The people and the landscapes of the area formed the inspiration for much of his art.
The painter, sculptor and etcher Pádraic Reaney is from Cuilleán, in An Cheathrú Rua.
Eddie Delaney lived in An Caorán Mór for about 30 years until he passed away in 2009. He was a sculptor known for several famous pieces, including Wolfe Tone and Thomas Davis, which are on display in public areas in Dublin and elsewhere.
Dan Ó Flaithearta, Danny Wallace, Mary Conroy, Ceara Conway and Aoife Casby are some of the other contemporary artists working in the area.
The writer Peadar Neilí Ó Domhnaill was born in An Caorán Beag in 1903, and published in Scéala Éireann, Ar Aghaidh, The Standard and in Leabhar na gCeaipísíneach. His book Seod-Aistí as Conamara was published in 1943.
Muiris Ó Súilleabháin, author of Fiche Blian ag Fás, was born on An Blascaod Mór but lived in An Cheathrú Rua and is buried in the cemetary at Barr an Doire. His son Eoin Ó Súilleabháin, was a well-known actor at the Abbey Theatre.
Tomás Mac Eoin, singer and composer, is from An Bóthar Buí. An Cailín Álainn and Bleán na Bó are two of his best-known songs. He performed the Yeats poem The Stolen Child on the Waterboys album The Fisherman’s Blues.
The filmmaker Bob Quinn has been living in the area for more than 40 years. His films include Poitín, Caoineadh Airt Uí Laoghaire, and Atlantean. He is also well-known as a photographer of landscapes and people in this area.
The writer Paul Mercier has lived in this area since 1998. The plays written and produced by Mercier include Home, Studs, and Drowning. He also produced the television programme for teenagers, Aifric.